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Jujitsu can be a complete martial art by learning techniques from different Japanese martial art styles. Always remember that meditation has traditionally been the cornerstone to any good martial art.
Jujitsu roughly translated means the art of Ju - gentleness, flexibility or suppleness and Jutsu meaning technique.
Jujitsu emerged around 1600 in Japan where at one stage approximately 700 jujitsu systems existed.
Jujitsu schools would have regular public competitions to study and develop effective combat techniques. During the competitions combatants would duel, some contests ending in death.
In 1905 a large proportion of the jujitsu schools merged with the Kano judo school (judo a derivative of jujitsu), and become part of the famous Kodokan.
The aikai-jutsu jujitsu schools remained outside the Kano system retaining its own jujitsu identity.
Jujitsu practitioners employ some or all of the following forms - Tying, holding, joint locking, choking, Kicking, striking, kneeing and throwing and some weaponry. Jujitsu was considered a secondary combat to the sword, a kind of backup martial art for the Samurai. The essence of jujitsu is to learn the ability to move from one style of fighting to another and to recognize the moment when a different style of combat (karate, judo, aikido etc) is needed to come out on top.
Modern jujitsu holds at its heart the notion of the weaker person overcoming the stronger through thoroughly understanding the physical dynamic, strategic mechanics of combat. The jujitsu art is controlling an attacker using skill and knowledge acquired from centuries of training by intelligent men and women, that have passed on a working knowledge of what they have learned to enthusiastic students, students that have eventually become masters, passing their jujitsu understanding on further until present day with the main objective of the jujitsu martial art of self defense intact.
Aiki-Jutsu (AKA aikai-jututsu):
Originally founded and developed by Saburo Yoshimitsu that went on to mature during Japan's Kamakura period (1185 - 1336). Aiki-Jutsu is the jujitsu style from which jujitsu developed.
The term Aiki alludes to using Ki (chi) energy that moves through and via the body as a harmonious weapon that a combatant is so at one or in tune with the circumstances that any combat challenge is easily dealt with through skill, physical and mental prowess plus complete composure.
One of the first jujitsu/mixed martial arts, cross training styles to be developed in europe was by Edward William Barton-Wright in 1898 Victorian Britain, which he called Bartitsu.
Barton-Wright Had spent 3 years in Japan as an engineer, and studied jujitsu whilst he was there.
Previously Barton-Wright had learned how to Box, Wrestle, Fence, Stiletto and Savate fighting, bringing all these combat styles together to form a complete martial art, the Bartitsu style.
Barton-Wright's Bartitsu club had several different rooms, in which a martial arts instructor of some kind would be ready to instruct club members, in the particular martial art style that they taught. Yukio Tani one of the teachers at the Barton-Wright's Bartitsu club taught jujitsu, Tani eventually was converted to the judo (jujitsu) style of Dr Jigoro Kano, Tani being a founder instructor of the famous Budokwai martial arts club in London (4 Gilston Road, SW10 9SL, Tel: 020 7370 1000), one of the oldest martial arts venues in europe still teaching various styles of martial arts classes.
Brazilian Ju jitsu
Carlos Gracie conceived Brazilian Ju jitsu (bjj) in 1982. He constructed bjj after being instructed in Kodokan judo by Mitsuyo Maeda and Soshihiro Satake.
Bjj came about from experimenting, martial arts knowledge and constant practice, and is now the new kid on the block. Bjj follows ju jitsu legend and tradition of the small weaker person being able to overcome the bigger stronger person with skill, knowledge and attitude. Bjj is a big player in the world of cross training that is used by the MMA martial artist.
Harmony art jujitsu master Sokaku Takeda spread his family system of Daito-ryu aiki-jutsu throughout Japan as a jujitsu instructor at the end of the 19th century then opened a more permanent school in Hokkaido, now called the Daitokan.
It is important to note that the founder of Aikido Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969) trained at this school.
Tatsu Tanaka developed this modernized jujitsu style opening his first dojo in Tokyo in 1952.
Goshin-jutsu has no or limited leg tripping, striking and kicking techniques but instead was focused on throwing, locking and a vital pressure point system to produce results.
Founded by Ryuho Okuyama in 1941. Ryuho Okuyama developed his style to teach a way of technique overcoming strength so that anyone no-matter how small or weak had a chance against someone bigger and stronger in a self-defense situation. This jujitsu style was produced to deal with attackers by applying pressure to energy meridians that channel chi throughout the body. The aims are to deliver intense pain that will only last a short time to crush the assailants intent to continue.
Hakko-Ryu employs techniques that will cause minimal damage yet generate maximum effect to discourage any attacker.
A jujitsu style that has a focus on ki (chi) elements at its heart with a intense interest in the learning of kata with ju (suppleness) as a keen discipline. Martial arts masters Morihei Ueshiba (founder of aikido) and Jigoro Kano (founder of judo) both intensely studied Kito-Ryu, incorporating this styles best elements into their own martial arts schools.
Created by Matsuoka Katsunosuke in 1864 Japanese Shinto-Yoshi-Ryu jujitsu style (new way of the willow heart school) which specialized in atemi point striking and kicking. Hironori Ohtsuka used some of the techniques from this style to create Wado-Ryu Karate-do.
Style of jujitsu from the 16th century by Toichiro Takeuchi (aka Hisamori Takenouchi). After learning different combat systems he developed his own style with an emphasis on immobilization and close quarter combat.
Iso Mataemon (aka Masatari Yanagi) Tenjin-Shinyo-Ryu founder produced this jujitsu style that is well known for it vital-point attacking, immobilization techniques and strangleholds.
Tenjin-Shinyo-Ryu is considered to be the fusion of Yosin-Ryu and Shin-No-Shindo styles. The father of modern Judo Jigoro Kano started his formative martial arts training in Tenjin-Shinyo-Ryu and the name judo is formed from the word jujitsu.
Known as the willow school, this particular style of jujitsu teaches external striking techniques (wood, brick and atemi) as part of its training.
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